The most common constraint for tree planting is the size of the area available for the tree, both above and below ground. Here you'll find a list of the trees we plant sorted by size.
Note: Links will open in a new Wikipedia window.
Small Trees - less than 10m (30')
It's a good idea to plant a small tree in a small space. A large growing tree might look nice at first, but after a few years it will require constant pruning to keep it away from things.
- Amur maple- small ornamental maple, yellow/red fall colour, compact form, wide range of soils.
- Tartarian maple- similar to Amur maple, with trident shaped foliage, good in calcareous (sweet) soils
- Downy serviceberry- native, early spring white flowers, red fall colour, moist well drained soil
- Ivory silk tree lilac- ivory coloured flowers in June, yellow/brown fall colour, well drained soil
- Japanese cherry– early spring pink flowering trees, no fruit, wide range of soils
- European hornbeam– excellent foliage tree, four season interest with attractive bark, range of soils
- Golden chain tree- trifoliate leaves, yellow pendulous flowers in early summer, drought tolerant
Medium Trees - 10-15m (30-45')
These trees are good for spaces where you can't fit a big huge tree, but you don't need a small flowering tree either.
- Hedge maple- small maple leaves, dark glossy green foliage, yellow fall colour, wide range of soils
- Chanticleer pear- early spring white flowering, dark yellow/red fall colour, wide range of soils
- Turkish hazel- small oval leaves, may produce small nuts at maturity, dry sandy soil
Large Trees for boulevards - greater than 15m (45')
These trees are good for wide boulevards that don't have powerlines or streetlights overhead.
- Skyline honeylocust - feathery foliage, thornless, yellow fall colour, good in calcareous (sweet) soils
- Hackberry- native, elm like leaves, immune to Dutch elm disease, wide range of soils, drought tolerant
- Homestead elm- disease resistant hybrid, yellow fall colour, wide range of soils, drought tolerant
- Greenspire linden- heart-shaped leaf, yellow fall colour, good in calcareous (sweet) soils
- Crimson king Norway maple- dark red leaf, dense shade, brown fall colour, wide range of soils
- London plane - interesting mottled bark when mature, yellow/brown fall colour, wide range of soils
- Oak-leaf mountain-ash- pyramidal-oval form, bright red berries, yellow/brown fall colour, soil variable
- Japanese zelkova - elm-like, handsome foliage and bark, good in calcareous (sweet) soils
- Katsura-tree - beautiful foliage, yellow fall colour, not for very dry areas
- Hardy rubber-tree - excellent shade tree, minimal pests, fall colour poor, soils variable
- Autumn Blaze Maple - green in summer, stunning red fall colour, tolerant of weather extremes and pollution
Big Trees -greater than 15m (45')
These trees are the biggest of the bunch. At maturity, the canopy will be as wide as the tree is tall. Great trees for big lawns and parks.
- Red oak- native, fast growing oak, red fall colour, sand loam soil
- Bur oak- native, red fall colour, soil variable
- Kentucky coffee tree– native, open branching, bluish-green foliage, yellow fall colour
- Ginkgo - disease resistant, yellow fall colour, soil variable, drought tolerant
- Sugar maple- native, yellow/orange fall colour, well drained soil
- Native red maple- native, yellow/red fall colour, prefers moist but tolerates wide range of soils
- Basswood– large heart-shaped leaf, dark green leaves, requires large growing areas, wide range of soils
- Native tulip tree - native, glossy leaf, yellow fall colour, tulip-shaped flowers, loose well drained soil
- Amur cork tree - round, spreading canopy, yellow fall colour, fast growing